The Kerala Backwaters is a network of Brackish Lagoons, Rivers, Lakes & Inlets, lying parallel to the Malabar Coast. The Kerala Houseboats also known as Kettuvallams, are frequented by travelers from all across the World. Initially used for transporting harvested rice, and then used as living quarters by the Royalty, and now the Houseboats offer an extraordinary experience to the travelers. The best places to experience the backwaters are Alleppey, Kollam, Kumarakaom, Kuttanad, Kasaragod & Thiruvananthpuram.
Periyar National Park
Periyar National Park is also known as the Periyar Tiger Reserve. This place is famous for spotting Tigers, Wild Elephants, Leopards, Lion tailed Macaques, Sambhars & Deers. Since it is located in Hilly Western Ghats, the place offers immense natural beauty, and is surrounded by spice plantations. It roughly covers an area of 350 sq km, and got the status of a National Park in the year 1982. One can also explore the Reserve through a Boat ride on the Periyar River which is a unique experience in itself.
Eravikulam National Park
Located in Munnar, the Eravikulam National Park spans over an area of 97 Sq Km. The Park plays home to South India's Tallest Peak - Anamudi (2,700 m), and also to the endangered Nilgiri Tahr, an exotic species of Goat. Besides this, one can also spot Tigers, Leopards, Nilgiri Langur & Indian Bison. Not only this, another unique attribute is the presence of Neelakurinji Flowers, that bloom once in every 12 years. And guess what?? The next blooming is expected to take place in the year 2018!
Chinese Fishing Nets
The Chinese Fishing Nets are another major attraction of Kerala, and have put Fort Kochi on the to-do list of Kerala travelers. These fishing nets were introduced by the Chinese Explorer Zheng He. These Nets are usually made up of Teak wood & Bamboo poles, and work on the principle of balance. It usally takes aroung 6 fishermen to use this structure. The nets also offer amazing opportunities for photography enthusiasts.
Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary
The Kumarakom or Vambanad Bird Sanctuary is located on the banks of the Vambanad Lake, in the Kottayam district of Kerala. A preferred place amongst Bird Watchers, this Bird Sanctuary welcomes innumerable species of Birds, including Migratory Birds from as far off as Siberia. Some of the birds that can be easily spotted here are the Egret, Kingfisher, Paradise Fly Catcher, Night Heron, Siberian Crane, Cuckoo, Owl, Water Duck & Water Fowl. The most ideal time to visit this place is between November to February, when the Migratory Birds pay a visit here. For sighting the local birds, the best time is between June to August. One can also opt for a Boat ride or a Houseboat ride to catch a glimpse of these magnificent creatures.
The Athirapilly Falls are located in the Thrissur district of Kerala, at a distance of 75 Km from Kochi. Cascading from a height of 80m, these falls offer an amazing view, and are also known as the 'Niagra Falls of India'. The best time to visit these falls is from September to January. Monsoons magnify the size of this Waterfall, but it also makes the place risky to visit.